mysql 错误 Every derived table must have its own alias 及解决办法

转自:http://blog.sina.com.cn/s/blog_5d2eee260100xu8b.html

Every derived table must have its own alias

这句话的意思是说每个派生出来的表都必须有一个自己的别名

一般在多表查询时,会出现此错误。

因为,进行嵌套查询的时候子查询出来的的结果是作为一个派生表来进行上一级的查询的,所以子查询的结果必须要有一个别名

把MySQL语句改成:select count(*) from (select * from ……) as total;
问题就解决了,虽然只加了一个没有任何作用的别名total,但这个别名是必须的

select name1 name, java, jdbc, hibernate,total
from (select sc1.name name1, sc1.mark java
from student_course2 sc1
where sc1.course='java') as a,
(select sc2.name name2, sc2.mark jdbc
from student_course2 sc2
where sc2.course='jdbc') as b,
(select sc3.name name3, sc3.mark hibernate
from student_course2 sc3
where sc3.course='hibernate') as c,
(select sc4.name name4,sum(sc4.mark) total
from student_course2 sc4 group by sc4.name) as d
where name1=name2 and name2=name3 and name3=name4 order by total ASC;

结果正确:

+----------+------+------+-----------+-------+
| name     | java | jdbc | hibernate | total |
+----------+------+------+-----------+-------+
| wangwu   |   40 |   30 |        20 |    90 |
| lisi     |   70 |   60 |        50 |   180 |
| zhangsan |  100 |   90 |        80 |   270 |
+----------+------+------+-----------+-------+
3 rows in set (0.02 sec)
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